dholmes Posts: 1,136
Does anyone know the formula for using fuses, what amp fuse to use with that spks power limit. I think a 250 watt spk is a 2 amp fast acting fuse, anyone ??? Thanks
My HT set-up Panasonic front proj, 120 in ws screen, ATI amp,Integra 9.8 pre-pro, 2 Polk rti150, cp 1000, 4 fx 1000, Pioneer blu-ray 2 SVS sub pb 12-ultra 2, & Paragon popcorn popper. ps 3 Coaster leather HT recliners.
Post edited by dholmes on


  • mikeo
    mikeo Posts: 15
    edited February 2003
    is there a formula ? i thought that the sizing of an AMP's output somewhat needs to be leveled to the capabilities of the Speaker you want to drive. Also from my Polk SDAII Speaker manual it says that you should never use a bigger fuse than the original --
    in my case the system holds a 5ohm, 1amp, 3AG Fast-Blo

    not sure if that helps..

    ..spoil yourself with clean sound..

    ..get the right stuff - no compromises
  • Ceruleance
    Ceruleance Posts: 991
    edited February 2003
    I'd like an answer to this as well. Is it possible to add an external fuse to a speaker that doesnt have one built in? I have a 251 watt/ch amp going into an 8 ohm speaker rated at 170 watts.
  • Tour2ma
    Tour2ma Posts: 10,177
    edited February 2003
    I’ll answer since it is concerning you, but only after I say, once again, that IMHO fusing speaker leads is unnecessary.

    I don't think we are talking amp fuses here. I would never change an amp’s main fuse to protect speakers. They're designed to intercept spikes coming to the amp in the AC. They are almost always fast blows.

    Yes, if your Polk is an 8-ohm, 250w speaker, a 2-amp fuse is right (actual “answer is 1.98 amp, but rounding off is fine). If it were a 4-ohm, you’d want a 4-amp fuse.

    Side Note 1: To produce the same power the current demand rises as the speaker impedance falls. This is why you often read in the Club about the need for “high-current” amps. Many Polk’s are 4-ohm and 4-ohms demand more from amps.

    Absolutely. Start with your speaker manufacturer, but some will be reluctant to give guidance (liability and all that). Your situation calls for a 1.63-amp fuse. You’ll find 1.5-amp available, maybe there’s a 1.6, but I doubt it.

    You use I= sq rt (P) / R to calculate your needs. Here:
    “I” is the maximum fuse value in amperes (amps);
    “P” is the speaker’s maximum power handling capacity in Watts; and
    “R” is the nominal speaker impedance in ohms (usually 4 or 8).
    Take the square root of “P”, then divide that by “R” and you have your answer.

    Once you know the amperage you need, then you have to pick a fuse speed. Fast blows can offer too much protection, i.e., they could blow on a transient your speakers are well capable of handling. Slo-blows may offer too little. Normal blow is the best choice. Transients are more common in Classical music and HT (decoded sources) than they are in RnR.

    RS used to, and may still, sell in-line fuse holders, but their wire was pretty lightweight. Any good electronics store should carry holders to which you can solder wire of your choice. Install the fuse in each speaker’s positive lead. Also, attach the fuse holder to the speaker (tape or “blu-tac” should do). You just don’t want it dangling where it could touch something, or someone or a pet can touch it, and go to ground.

    Side Note 2: A speaker’s impedance is dynamic, i.e., it changes. Speaker impedance varies due to a few factors, but one is its drivers’ coils’ temperature. As you drive a speaker hard, its coil warms. As the coil warms, its impedance drops. As the impedance drops the current demand rises (to sustain the same power level). If this continues unchecked clipping becomes possible and damage to the amp is more likely as well. In any case, the fuse is there to keep things from getting extreme.

    Side Note 3: Before proceeding, consider that you are adding three more connection to each speaker run you fuse. The potential for signal loss is more real than the threat of an “overpowered” amp doing damage to your speaker(s).
    More later,
    Vox Copuli
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  • dholmes
    dholmes Posts: 1,136
    edited February 2003
    Thanks everyone .
    My HT set-up Panasonic front proj, 120 in ws screen, ATI amp,Integra 9.8 pre-pro, 2 Polk rti150, cp 1000, 4 fx 1000, Pioneer blu-ray 2 SVS sub pb 12-ultra 2, & Paragon popcorn popper. ps 3 Coaster leather HT recliners.
  • gidrah
    gidrah Posts: 3,049
    edited February 2003
    Thanks Tour2ma. Great read. I've been thinking about putting an in-line on my 4 watt RMS/ 10 max. speakers. Especially since I'll be driving them with a 200w/ch amp soon.
    Make it Funky! :)